Your throat is made up of several structures. In the very back of your throat is your pharynx, which is the mucosal lining that covered your cervical spine. Just in front of that is the uvula, the structure that hangs in the center. To either side of the uvula are the tonsils. These are mounds of lymph tissue that sit in caves, or fossa. They begin growing at age 1 and are supposed to dissolve away by age 7. When they remain they have the potential to cause problems.
Throat symptoms are very common. For the most part, symptoms are minor and disappear on their own. When necessary, treatments depend on the underlying source.